HAProxy for Load Balancing

- - posted in Technical | Tagged as HAProxy,Loadbalancing | Comments

This post is about some setup required for HAProxy

HAProxy can balance requests between any application that can handle HTTP or even TCP requests.

Install HAProxy on Pi

Credit goes to load-balancing-with-haproxy

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y haproxy

HAProxy Configuration


HAProxy configuration can be found at /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg. Here's what we'll likely see by default:

sudo vi /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg


global
        log /dev/log    local0
        log /dev/log    local1 notice
        chroot /var/lib/haproxy
        stats socket /run/haproxy/admin.sock mode 660 level admin
        stats timeout 30s
        user haproxy
        group haproxy
        daemon

        # Default SSL material locations
        ca-base /etc/ssl/certs
        crt-base /etc/ssl/private

        # Default ciphers to use on SSL-enabled listening sockets.
        # For more information, see ciphers(1SSL). This list is from:
        #  https://hynek.me/articles/hardening-your-web-servers-ssl-ciphers/
        # An alternative list with additional directives can be obtained from
        #  https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/?server=haproxy
        ssl-default-bind-ciphers ECDH+AESGCM:DH+AESGCM:ECDH+AES256:DH+AES256:ECDH+AES128:DH+AES:RSA+AESGCM:RSA+AES:!aNULL:!MD5:!DSS
        ssl-default-bind-options no-sslv3

defaults
        log     global
        mode    http
        option  httplog
        option  dontlognull
        timeout connect 5000
        timeout client  50000
        timeout server  50000
        errorfile 400 /etc/haproxy/errors/400.http
        errorfile 403 /etc/haproxy/errors/403.http
        errorfile 408 /etc/haproxy/errors/408.http
        errorfile 500 /etc/haproxy/errors/500.http
        errorfile 502 /etc/haproxy/errors/502.http
        errorfile 503 /etc/haproxy/errors/503.http
        errorfile 504 /etc/haproxy/errors/504.http


frontend www-http
        bind *:80
        mode http
        default_backend http-nodes

frontend www-https
        bind *:443 ssl crt /etc/ssl/private/letsencrypt-ForHaproxy.pem
        reqadd X-Forwarded-Proto:\ https
        acl letsencrypt-acl path_beg /.well-known/acme-challenge/
        use_backend letsencrypt-backend if letsencrypt-acl
        default_backend http-nodes

backend letsencrypt-backend
        server letsencrypt 127.0.0.1:54321

backend http-nodes
        mode http
        balance roundrobin
        option forwardfor
        http-request set-header X-Forwarded-Port %[dst_port]
        http-request add-header X-Forwarded-Proto https if { ssl_fc }
        option httpchk HEAD / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost:localhost

        #redirect scheme https if !{ ssl_fc }
        server web01 127.0.0.1:9000 check
        server web02 127.0.0.1:9001 check


listen stats
        bind *:1936
        stats enable
        stats uri /
        stats hide-version
        stats auth username:password

LetsEncrypt Certificate

Use acme-nginx to generate letsencrypt site for your site.

sudo cat /etc/ssl/private/letsencrypt-domain.key /etc/ssl/private/letsencrypt-domain.pem > /etc/ssl/private/letsencrypt-ForHaproxy.pem
sudo mv letsencrypt-ForHaproxy.pem /etc/ssl/private/
sudo chown -R user:group /etc/ssl/private/letsencrypt-ForHaproxy.pem

Resources

Who is using HAProxy
HAProxy Introduction
https://serversforhackers.com/c/load-balancing-with-haproxy
https://serversforhackers.com/c/using-ssl-certificates-with-haproxy





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